PSA Information Framework
PSA Information Framework
The PSA Information Framework has been developed as a practice support strategy to give our members access to the comprehensive range of information and tools you need to practice legally. Information that sits at each level of the framework, must conform with the relevant national, state and territory legislation.
On this page you will find:
- Legally regulated environment
- Pharmacy Board of Australia
- PBA Code of Conduct and PSA Conduct/Ethics
- National Competency Standards Framework
- PSA Policies
- PSA Practice Standards
- PSA Professional Guidelines
Legally regulated environment
As pharmacists we operate within a legally regulated environment irrespective of practice setting. The definition of ‘practice’ is:
“…any role, whether remunerated or not, in which the individual uses their skills and knowledge as a pharmacist in their profession…practice is not restricted to the provision of direct clinical care. It also includes working in a direct nonclinical relationship with clients: working in management, administration, education, research, advisory, regulatory or policy development roles; and in any other roles that impact on safe, effective delivery of services in the profession and/or use of their professional skills.”
Adapted from the Pharmacy Board of Australia
By this very nature of pharmacy practice we are placed in situations where legal issues need to be considered when making decisions not only about a patient or client’s clinical management and care but also a wide range of decisions about professional and business responsibilities and obligations.
Under the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law (the National Law), as in force in each state and territory, pharmacists must be registered with the Pharmacy Board of Australia and meet specified registration standards in order to practise in Australia.
- New South Wales
- Australian Capital Territory
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia
Pharmacy Board of Australia
The Pharmacy Board of Australia (PBA) is one of the national boards that are responsible for regulating Australia’s heath profession. The primary role of each board is to protect the public and set standards and policies that all registered practitioners must meet.
The PBA has developed codes, guidelines and policies that may be used as evidence of what constitutes appropriate professional conduct or practice for pharmacy in proceedings under the National Law or a law of a co-regulatory jurisdiction against a health practitioner. These include:
- Guidelines on compounding of medicines
- Guidelines on continuing professional development
- Guidelines for dispensing of medicines
- Guidelines on practice-specific issues
- Guidelines for proprietor pharmacists
- Guidelines on dose administration aids and staged supply of dispensed medicines
- Guidelines for mandatory notifications
- Guidelines for advertising regulated health services
- Social media policy
To access any of the above, go the Pharmacy Board of Australia’s website
PBA Code of Conduct and PSA Code of Ethics
The PSA Code of Ethics (PDF 291kb) is an ethical framework for all pharmacists and describes the desirable conduct or behaviour through which pharmacy services should be delivered. All pharmacists, irrespective of the role, scope, level or location of their practice are expected to uphold the core values of the pharmacy profession and adhere to certain standards of behaviour during their everyday practice.
All pharmacists registered with PBA are expected to comply with the PBA’s Code of Conduct. The PBA has endorsed the PSA Code and advises pharmacists to be guided by code(s) of ethics relevant to their practice in addition to the PBA Code. The PBA, in its role of public protection, may use of refer to the PSA Code in cases involving the conduct or behaviour of pharmacists.
The PSA Code is intended to guide and support the professional practice of all pharmacists, as well as intern pharmacists and pharmacy students during periods of supervised practice. All non-pharmacist employees engaged in the pharmacy profession are also strongly encouraged to comply with the principles of the Code.
In addition to above other codes exist for specific groups, for example:
- SHPA Code of Ethics (PDF 281kb) for hospital pharmacists
- Medicines Australia Code of Conduct (PDF 3.8kb) for companies that market and promote prescription pharmaceutical products
- ASMI Code of Practice sets the ethical standards for advertising and promotion of non-prescription consumer healthcare products in Australia.
National Competency Standards Framework
Competency standards describe the individual practitioner’s skills, attitudes and attributes (e.g. values and beliefs) based on knowledge (gained through study) and experience (gained through practice) that together is considered sufficient to enable the individual to practise as a pharmacist. Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and practice improvement programs are designed to help pharmacist identify and develop area where improvements in their competencies are needed.
The National Competency Standards Framework in Australia (2010) (PDF 1.6mb) contains all the relevant competencies. PSA is the custodian of the framework on behalf of the profession.
PSA policy documents provide a rule or regulation about a particular operation or activity outlining a course or method of action, or a statement of expected behaviour or practice.
PSA practice standards
PSA practice standards provide a statement of minimum requirements of an activity or service to ensure an acceptable or intended level of performance, or a benchmark statement which can be used to assess performance.
PSA professional guidelines
PSA’s professional guidelines provide advice to pharmacists on a range of issues including appropriate and effective processes, desired behaviour of good practice, how professional responsibilities may be best fulfilled, and expected outcomes.
Pharmacists must meet any legislative requirements and are expected to exercise professional judgment in adapting the guidance to presenting circumstances.
our vision: Improving health through excellence in the practice of pharmacy